Sugar is a pure natural and cheap nutritional food, and it is an important energy input performance of the human body. After the human body is digested and absorbed, it is quickly transformed into blood sugar, supplying the energy required by the human body, restoring physical strength, storing energy, and providing health care. In addition to correctly understanding the important role of sugar in the human body, we must pay attention to correctly ingesting sugar in daily life. Properly eating sugar can help health and longevity.
Sugar is one of the six nutrients of the human body, which plays an important role in the normal growth and development of the human body. From a chemical point of view, sugar refers to “carbohydrates”, which is a general term for polyhydroxy compounds containing aldehyde or ketone groups and their condensation products and some derivatives, and can be divided into monosaccharides (glucose, fructose, xylose, etc.), disaccharides (sucrose, maltose, etc.) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, etc.). Sugar is not only the most economical and safest energy material of the human body, but also an important structural substance of the human body, Its physiological function is irreplaceable, and it is an indispensable nutrient for the human body.
The role of sugar on the human body
1. Supply energy
Among the three major sources of sugar, fat, and protein, the largest contribution is the sugar substance. Sugar is also known as a carbohydrate. It provides fuel for life activities in the human body and is the main source of human energy. About 70% of the energy required for daily organs and physical activity is derived from sugar.
2. When the sugar intake is sufficient, it can be converted into fat in the body to store to prepare from time to time.
After entering the human body, the hydrolysis effect of enzymes becomes a monosaccharide that can be directly used by the human body, which is mainly glucose. Enter the blood circulation to supply the body’s needs to form blood sugar. Blood glucose is the transportation form of sugar in the body. When blood flows through each tissue, part of it is directly oxidized and part of it becomes tissue. Among them, the most muscle glycogen is the most, and its oxidation can work for muscle contraction to meet the needs of human movement.
The concentration of blood glucose is basically constant. When the glucose increases after eating, the glucose that exceeds the blood sugar concentration quickly transforms into liver glycogen and muscle glycogen in the liver and muscles to store it in insufficient blood glucose concentration. “Emergency call”, maintains the constant blood glucose concentration.
3. The health effects of sugar on the human body
Sugar also has a health effect on the human body. Especially in China for thousands of years of Chinese medicine and folk food therapy. For example, white sugar or rock sugar, sweet and sweet has the effect of moisturizing the lungs, neutralizing the spleen, and soothing liver qi. Richard sugar is made of brown sugar and brown sugar, which is made from sucrose in sugarcane, which can be beneficial to the liver of the human spleen. Brown sugar’s nutritional value is higher than that of ordinary white sugar, and 90 mg of calcium is 4mg of calcium per 100g, which is 3 times the calcium content of white sugar content.
In addition, brown sugar also contains trace elements such as nuclear, nikinic acid, carotene, and manganese, zinc, chromium. Therefore, granulated sugar has the efficacy of blood nourishing blood, breaking stasis, slowing the liver, and getting rid of colds, especially for maternal, children and anemia patients.
Sugar And Diseases
1. Sugar and obesity
Many people think that “eating sugar is easy to cause obesity.” In fact, due to the complicated cause of obesity, the origin of obesity can be attributed to the ingredients of some specific food or food. For example, one of the main decisive factors for children’s overweight is the sharp decrease in sports activities. Even if the supply of food is similar, the incidence of obesity in Canada is lower than that of the United States. This is due to the high level of exercise in Canadians.
And most of the obesity is caused by nutritional disorders. Because the ingested energy exceeds the consumption of human activity, it is stored in the body in the form of fat.
2. Sugar and dental caries
Studies have shown that in the past 20 years, although the consumption of sugar is still high, the prevalence of dental caries in developed countries has decreased significantly. This is because, in addition to diet, dental caries are also affected by many factors, including oral hygiene, fluoride transportation, bacterial ingredients of plaque, the number of salivae and the type of composition, prevention and restoration of care, and personal immune response.
If sugar exists in the mouth, it can cause a bacterial medium for dental caries. But if you use mouthwash or other methods to not leave sugar in your mouth, you will not cause dental caries. If you leave the bread and rice in the mouth, it will also cause dental caries after decomposition. Therefore, the key is oral hygiene.
3. Sugar and hyperactivity disorder
One of the most persistent myths about sugar is that it causes hyperactivity in children. Parents can make this link between sugar and ADHD because they observe that children are excited to attend parties and other celebrations because of the availability of sweet foods.
However, there is a lot of evidence that sugar and other carbohydrates influence people’s behavior in positive ways. They can play an active role in improving memory and sleep, controlling appetite and stimulating the sympathetic nerve. These are beneficial responses that are essential for maintaining a normal mental state and physical functioning. In contrast, there was no actual link between candy and hyperactivity.
So do we “reduce sugar consumption?” Based on the current scientific information, the answer to this question seems to be “no.” From a nutritional point of view, sugar is an “empty calorie”, which does not contain any nutrients except for energy. If you eat too much sugar, you will inevitably affect eating other foods, and the intake of nutrients such as protein, fat, vitamins and minerals contained in other foods will be affected.
However, there is no disadvantage to sugar itself. On the contrary, sugar is a natural ingredient in food that can be produced during food processing, increasing the flavor of food, and as a preservation agent for food. Therefore, eating sugar in moderation should be a kind of fun in people’s colorful lives.
Eating sugar is closely related to people’s daily lives. We cannot ignore the role of the body in our bodies, worrying that it is not advisable to get fat without eating sugar. On the other hand, we cannot ignore the dangers of a high-sugar diet and excessive, unusually, unsteady intake of various sugars. Health experts are providing suggestions that sugar is the most important, most economical, and safest energy source in the human body, but it is necessary to take reasonable intake to maintain a healthy body.